22 P E T E C H A R E T T E to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world” (2:12). The Gentiles were spiritually hopeless, but now, in Christ, they have been brought near through His blood (v. 13). Jews and Gentiles have been made one (v. 14), the divid- ing wall of hostility has been broken down (v. 13), both have been joined to create one new man (v. 15), and both are recon- ciled to God through the Cross (v. 16). Verses 19–22 describe the end result of this process: the join- ing together of Jew and Gentile to form the Church. Gentiles are now fellow citizens (v. 19), members of the household of God, and joined with Jews to become a dwelling place for God by the Spirit (v. 22). That the household of God is built on the foun- dation of the apostles and prophets with Christ Jesus being the cornerstone, and the reference to dwelling place for God, leaves no doubt that Paul is referring to the Church here. Flow of Thought Observation Number 3: Jews and Gentiles are saved together to form the Church. 5. The mystery (Jews and Gentiles together) revealed (3:1–13) In this section, Paul defines the mystery of the gospel, which had been hidden but now has been revealed to Paul, the apostles, and the prophets. This mystery is defined by Paul as the joining of Gentiles with the Jews, and they are now equally part of the body of believers (3:6). Paul then states that he was given this ministry to the Gentiles to reveal what God’s plan is for this mystery (3:9). God’s plan was to reveal His wisdom to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places through the Church (3:10). This was His eternal purpose, accomplished through Christ Jesus (3:11). The signifi- cance of this cannot be overstated. As stated earlier, Step 3 will include a more detailed exegesis of 3:9–11 and 2:6–7.