20  G E N E R . S TA R K gust, there is great opportunity in America. You will travel with- out any debt; you have enough saved for passage, and you will easily find a job in America.” Adolf was always the optimist, and his strong demeanor seemed to carry him through all issues and difficulties. Adolf never worried, was never hindered by com- mitments, although his family was of the working class and his future was less secure than mine. I was able to make a contact in Collinsville, Illinois, and was as- sured of a job there. I booked second-class passage on the Ozean, bound for Baltimore. Many could only afford steerage passage, but I had heard tales of the terrible travel conditions in steerage and was happy I had the money for second class. I asked myself, “What does one take along on a voyage to a new world?” All I could really decide was to take some clothes and what money I had saved. There was also a family Bible that my mother had given me. It was a book I had not opened very much in my youth, yet there was some sort of comfort in having it. Like a familiar and comfortable pair of shoes, its feel gave me peaceful assurance. I see now that my parents had given me the most important things to take along, not the least of which were my passion, work ethic, and my sincerity. A love for music was also instilled in me, especially by my study of the violin. At the last moment, I decided to pack my violin for the voyage. I knew it would be difficult to keep the violin in good order on the voy- age, but I made the commitment to stow it carefully and check on it daily. As I boarded the Ozean, I still wondered what my motive was for immigration. I believed what Adolf told me about the free- dom and opportunity in America. He also traveled with me, put- ting his beliefs in America on the line along with me. Adolf, too, had contacts in America and was assured good work in Baltimore. Our ship was certainly not the fastest avail- able in 1868, but with an estimated travel time of two months, it was still pretty fast passage compared to the sailing ships of not