PREFACE T here are many passages of Scripture in the Bible that are quite complex, and therefore they are very difficult to understand. One such example is the book of Daniel, especially chapter 11. The revelation letter that John wrote to the seven churches of Asia is an example of Bible Scriptures that are not easy to grasp. When the Scriptures prophesy of things that are yet to come, and the writer of those Scriptures use figurative sayings and complex expressions to make their point, those Scriptures can be very difficult to comprehend. However, there are other parts of the Bible that are difficult to understand for other reasons—not because they contain a com- plex message, but because they speak of things that are in direct conflict with what a person already believes to be the established truth. Therefore, those Scriptures can be very difficult to accept for exactly what they say. When that occurs, it is tempting to interpret those Scriptures in a way that forces them into agree- ment with flawed perspectives. We do not like to think we have been wrong in the teachings that we have been steeped in for all of our lives. Romans 5:12–21 is an example of that dilemma because there are two messages in those verses of Scripture, and most people see only one. One of the messages (the one that most people solely acknowledge) is the threat of despair unto death that was caused by Adam’s sin. That is the message that is in the first part of each verse, and it is the only message the Roman Catholic Church sees. The other message is the power of the free gift—the forgiveness of sin and the promise of eternal life (Romans 6:23)—to annul